For every emergency assistance and recovery from a disaster, various bodies provide the required response. The Stafford act and presidential declaration are examples of such responses. Consequently, the act authorizes the delivery of technical, financial, logistical, and other forms of assistance to regions and localities during an occurrence of major disasters or emergencies. The presidential declaration, an incident of disaster, comes in two forms; emergency declarations and major disaster declarations. The president has the power to declare an emergency for any instance that affects a nation if he or she determines that there is a requirement of federal assistance. The local and state governments have the responsibility for protecting their citizens from an occurrence of disaster. Apart from offering the necessary protection, they assist citizens to recover from disasters through strategies such as relocation or financial aid. However, some disasters may be beyond the capabilities of the state and the local government.
Both Stafford Act and presidential declaration are useful in the scheme of responding to local disasters. After an occurrence of an emergency, the act responds by providing a framework for initial response and then collaborates with the affected states to perform a joint preliminary damage assessment. In addition, a presidential declaration under the Stafford Act makes it possible for the affected citizens to access disaster relief assistance. An example of a declaration that was useful to the citizens was the 2001 Pentagon terrorist attack and the 1995 bombing of the Murrah Federal Building. Federal emergency recovery programs have been overused by the states. The reason is that they are required to distribute aid to individuals, state, and the local governments after natural disasters. Due to this, some of its response to major disasters has been slow, disorganized, and wasteful. Because of the magnitude of catastrophic events following a major disaster, the program is not adequate for providing recovery.