Neo-realists used the aspect of repetition to emphasize on important element in the movies. One of the ideological characteristic of Italian films was to promote a democratic spirit and emphasize on the value of the ordinary people. In addition, the filmmakers sought to develop a point of view in which they refused to concede to easy moral judgments. However, these elements may not have been evident to the audience without a running commentary or enhancement. Since the filmmakers must remain objective, the only way the audience would make sense from films was through repetitive actions. For example, in De Sica’s The Bicycle Thief, there are multiple scenes in which he repeatedly depicts Antonio Ricci, the main character, as a struggler whose work was to most movie posters. By repeating one scene several times, the audience can conclude that Ricci requires a bicycle to make his work easier. However, he and his wife, Maria, are too poor to afford one.
Similarly, Ray uses repetitions to highlight the plight of children in a socially diversified Indian society. The film is a reflection of the hardships that Apu endures as he grows up in an impoverished family environment. The filmmaker repeatedly highlights the surrounding in a subtle manner as a way of making it easier for the audience to understand. Ray also focuses repeatedly on the day to day children behavior without revealing with the hope that the audience can keep relating them with their immediate environments. While the scenes repetition does not lead to the overall advancement of the plot, Ray uses the non-narrative expression to typify the plight of typical Indians living in the throes of poverty.