One notable aspect about the neorealist filmmakers was that they were able to adopt a critical view of Italian society. They also focused their attention on the social problems afflicting the Italian society. Some of the social problems included post war poverty and unemployment. One contemporary filmmaker who appears to have borrowed heavily from the concept of neorealism is Satyajit Ray, a Bollywood star. His 1947 film, Pather Panchali, is neo-realist in its implications because it occurred not long after the Second World War when neo-realism was common in most of Europe. Some of the notable works after the period between 1943 and 1945 were by filmmakers such as Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica, and Luchino Visconti. In addition, there was considerable input from former detainees of the Fascist regime. These former detainees were able to combine the desire for cinematic realism with the prevailing political, social, and economic themes.
The period between 1943 and 1945 is an important era in the history of Italian cinema. During this period, the concept of neorealism became prominent in the cinematic landscape of Italy. In addition, neorealism has resulted in significant impacts, not only on the Italian film industry, but also on movies in different parts of the world. The emergence of neorealism occurred in the early 1940s after the deposition of the Mussolini’s Fascist regime near the end of the Second World War. During this time, international audience and filmmakers developed a significant interest in the Italian film landscape
Neorealistic actors preferred shooting their films in locations other than studio. In addition, they wanted their photography to have the grainy aspect, which is prevalent in most documentary films or newsreel. The idea of shooting films in location resulted from the unavailability of studio facilities during and immediately after the war. In addition, the filmmakers wanted to demonstrate to the world what was happening in the Italian countryside during the war. They felt that a studio environment was not an ideal way of creating awareness of the prevailing social problems in post-war Italy. In the film, Pather Panchali, Satyajit Ray injects the concept of neorealism by incorporating realistic scenes. Evidently, the film’s lack of the usual artificial sceneries that are common in Bollywood movies is a strong indication that the filmmaker has benefited greatly from his visit to Italy in the 1950s.